Chemical Recycling: Is the process by which plastic waste is converted, through a chemical process, into a material that can be used to produce new product/packaging with virgin quality standards.
Circular economy: Our current economy is based on a linear process in which we extract resources from the earth, transform them into products and then eventually they go to waste. Circular economy, instead seeks to eliminate waste, circulate products and materials and re-purpose them into new resources and finally regenerate nature5.
Feedstocks: Feedstocks are raw materials used as either as fuels or as resources in a production process6.
Circular materials: To be considered circular materials it must have contents from existing recycled sources, such as post-consumer products, and/or reclaimed materials such as industrial by-products7.
1 ISCC, https://www.iscc-system.org/ (accessed 20 April 2022)
2 ISCC, ISCC PLUS, https://www.iscc-system.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/ISCC-PLUS_V3.3_31082021.pdf/ (accessed 10 May 2022)(accessed 20 April 2022)
3 ‘The mass balance approach’, ISCC, Mass balance approach: https://www.iscc-system.org/about/circular-economy/mass-balance-approach/ (accessed 20 April 2022)
4 Chemical recycling 101, British plastics federation, 2022, https://www.bpf.co.uk/plastipedia/chemical-recycling-101.aspx (accessed 4 May 2022)
5 ‘Circular economy introduction’, Ellen Macarthur foundation, https://ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/topics/circular-economy-introduction/overview (accessed 20 April 2022)
6 ‘Feedstock’, Cambridge dictionary, 2022, https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/feedstock (accessed 20 April 2022)
7 ‘Circular materials guidelines 1.0’, Fashion positive, 2020 https://textileexchange.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Circular-Materials-Guidelines-v1.0-Final-08202020.pdf (accessed 20 April 2022)